AutoGyaan : Its not a Car its a Caaar!
One of the greatest creations of man, the “Automotive Car” or popularly known as the “Car” is a result of man’s consistent efforts and perseverance. Over the years, the automobile industry has evolved as one of the main revenue generators, and a massive provider of employment .
The history of the automobile begins as early as 1769, with the birth of steam engine automobiles capable of human transport. In 1806, the first cars powered by an internal combustion engine running on fuel gas came into existence, petrol-fueled internal combustion engines were later introduced in 1885. Cars powered by electric power briefly appeared at the turn of the 20th century, but almost disappeared from use until the turn of the 21st century. The early history of the automobile can be divided into a number of eras, based on the prevalent means of propulsion during that time. Later periods were defined by trends in exterior styling, and size and utility preferences.
The first car ran on India’s roads in 1897. Until the 1930s, cars were imported directly, but in very small numbers.
Embryonic automotive industry emerged in India in the 1940s. Mahindra & Mahindra was established by two brothers as a trading company in 1945, and began assembly of Jeep CJ-3A utility vehicles under license from Willy’s. The company soon started its own range of manufacturing of light commercial vehicles (LCVs) and agricultural tractors.
After the independence, in 1947, the Government of India and the private sector made efforts to create an automotive component manufacturing industry to supply to the automobile industry. Because the growth was relatively slow in the 1950s and 1960s due to nationalisation and the license raj, this hampered the Indian private sector. After 1970, the automotive industry started to grow, but the growth was mainly driven by tractors, commercial vehicles and scooters. Cars were still a major luxury. When Japanese manufacturers entered the Indian market that was when establishment of Maruti Udyog took place. A number of foreign firms initiated joint ventures with Indian companies.
Today the Automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India’s passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units in 2010. According to recent reports, India is set to overtake Brazil to become the sixth largest passenger vehicle producer in the world, growing 16-18 per cent to sell around three million units in the year 2011-12. In 2009, India emerged as Asia’s fourth largest exporter of passenger cars, behind Japan, South Korea, and Thailand.
As of 2011, there are more than 40 million passenger vehicles and around 3.7 million automotive vehicles were produced in India in 2010 (an increase of 33.9%) from previous year, making the country the second fastest growing automobile market in the world. According to the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, annual car sales are projected to increase up to 5 million vehicles by 2015 and more than 9 million by 2020. By 2050, the country is expected to top the world in car volumes with approximately 611 million vehicles on the nation’s roads.