A huge number of people perish each year across the globe due to a shortage of blood transfusion stocks. On paper, almost 55 million litres of blood is donated annually worldwide, but in reality, incompatibility between the blood types implies that a person may not always receive a transfusion. However, researchers at the University of British Columbia have discovered a method using which type A blood can be converted into type O universal blood type.
Type O blood is compatible with anyone who has Rhesus (Rh) positive blood. Hence, it is considered as the universal blood type, since it can be transfused with anyone who has A+, B+, AB+, or O+ blood, which comprises [...]
Robots and humans are capable of functioning in close proximity to each other. For instance, in factories, robots assemble the moving parts of a machine, while the human workforce is responsible for transporting different parts between workstations. However, some hindrances might lead to unexpected slowdowns, consequently reducing the efficiency of the whole system. Hence, researchers at MIT have designed an algorithm that can predict where humans will go next.
In the year 2018, MIT researchers and BMW automobiles were testing ways where humans and robots could collaborate to speed up car assemblies. In such an instance, robots were programmed to pause momentarily [...]
Breast Cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer known to mankind, with more than 2.09 million woman affected by it each year. As per latest reports, Researchers at the John Hopkins University (USA) have discovered a test that can induce cancer cells to push through narrow spaces, helping them to predict the form of the malignant/non-malignant tumour. Furthermore, the test may also help to track the spread of the cancer to other sites.
The test has been patented with the name “Microfluidic Array for the quantification of Cell Invasion”, or MAqCI. The technique makes use of a device to analyze the primary features of metastasis (cancer that has spread to [...]
Space collisions are a very common occurrence, considering that 128 million pieces of debris is floating around in space. A small marble-sized piece of debris can deal a significant amount of damage to a spacecraft. Furthermore, while landing, a lot of force is exerted by reusable rockets on both the ends i.e. the landing pad and the rocket itself. In order to make space vehicles more durable to withstand such collisions, scientists are taking design ideas from the Japanese paper-folding art, also popularly known as Origami.
Researchers from the University of Washington have derived inspiration from Origami techniques and have developed a solution that can serve to keep [...]
Google’s latest blog post had focused on how depth perception works in videos where both the subject and the camera are in motion. A huge amount of data and footage was required for the study that aimed at training an AI. The foundation for the AI’s training was to detect scenes where the camera was in motion but the subject remained stationary.
Remarkable resourcefulness was shown as Google used its own source that was perfect for the job. YouTube (Google’s video sharing platform) had a vast amount of footage that fit the study’s required parameters. The Mannequin Challenge had a person and more often a group of people which stays perfectly [...]
Chemists at The University of Illinois have successfully produced fuels using using water, carbon dioxide and visible light through artificial photosynthesis. Natural photosynthesis occurs when plants use sunlight as a drive to start a chemical reaction between water and carbon dioxide to form energy-dense glucose.
The new study as published by the researchers at Illinois showcased the development of the aforementioned method used by plants, using green light region from the visible light spectrum during natural photosynthesis, to convert carbon dioxide and water into fuel. The process has electron-rich gold nanoparticles acting as the catalyst. [...]
Brain Aneurysms are caused when there is a bulge in a blood vessel caused by a weakness in its wall. When blood flows through the weakened vessel, the pressure causes the area to bulge outwards and cause problems in the surrounding regions. They commonly occur in the abdominal aorta and the brain. Aneurysms can affect any number of people, ranging from 1 in 100 to 1 in 20. Since its treatment is difficult, surgery is usually avoided, but in select cases, it becomes a necessity. In a notable research study, a class of cancer-treatment drugs can be used to treat patients with brain aneurysms.
Scientists from the University of Sussex worked in a collaboration with researchers [...]
As per statistics, more than 370,000 people die of coronary heart disease annually. The disease refers to a narrowing of the coronary arteries that supply oxygen and blood to the heart. As per latest research reports, a kind of rare gene mutation may prevent major heart diseases. Previously, scientists have abstained from targeting apolipoprotein B (APOB) gene because it carries a risk of fatty liver disease. However, naturally occurring mutation suggests otherwise.
The study was co-led by a researche from the Boston University of Public Health (BUSPH). The study unearths that protein truncating variants in the aforementioned apolipoprotein B (APOB) gene are directly linked [...]
Just 4 years after the mass production of Penicillin began, the world’s first antibiotic-resistant bacteria were discovered. Even today, Antibiotic-resistant bacteria can cause infections that are virtually untreatable, and therefore consequently fatal. A majority of bacterial strands are slowly growing resistant to the use of antibiotics. This may lead to an increase in infections worldwide in the coming years. However, researchers have investigated a category of viruses, known as Bacteriophages which may able to counter the aforementioned bacterial strands.What Are Bacteriophages?
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania and Howard Hughes Medical [...]
Huawei launched the world’s first smartphone to feature triple rear cameras, the P20 Pro last year. It was praised for its camera prowess and made the mobile industry notice the importance of more than two cameras at the back of a device. Since then, many more smartphones from OEMs like Samsung, LG and Xiaomi sport three or more camera sensors on the rear. According to a known research firm Counterpoint, the number of handsets with multiple rear camera sensors will only increase with time. Fresh reports from the organization claim one in every two smartphones sold in the year 2021 will have a triple rear camera setup.Results Of The Research
According to [...]
In a world where Neurogenerative diseases affect millions of people worldwide, there is no significant cure that that can effectively help battle such diseases. In India alone, Multiple Sclerosis affects almost 1 million people yearly. As per latest news, Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) have discovered a skin-related stem cell that can be used in the regeneration of myelin sheaths, which is an integral part of the human nervous system.
Research performed on mice yielded positive results. Restoration of myelin sheaths in mice led them to believe that stem cells could be a much simpler alternative to using embryonic stem cells. Since the [...]
If you are one of those people who loved playing Pokémon as a kid, chances are that your brain is wired in a certain way that enables you to respond more intuitively to cartoon characters than other pictures. As per the latest investigation performed by researchers at Stanford reveals that people who played Pokémon in their childhood exhibit preferential activation to Pokémon characters. The game may have affected the human brain after all.
Scientists found out that a certain area of the brain behind the ears responded more in case of avid Pokémon fans than those who did not play the game at all. It is already known that humans have specific areas of the brain dedicated to [...]